Guide to international laws and legal issues including probate, bankruptcy, criminal law, consumer liability and medical malpractice.
Legally, anyone that avoids paying taxes is guilty of tax evasion. Sometimes, taxpayers that make simple errors on their tax returns can be held liable for penalties, however, the IRS usually chooses to go after those that repeatedly fail to pay their fair share of taxes.
Indian reservations have less restrictive laws when it comes to the sale of tobacco as well as gambling, however, the National Indian Gaming Commission needs to make sure that reservation casinos are in compliance with federal laws. With more and more Indian run casinos opening each year, it is important to know how your wagers will fair.
Companies that make false claims harm their consumers as much as their reputations. In order to avoid becoming a victim you should always do a comprehensive search on the history of any companies that make particularly bold claims.
Indian Casino Gambling LawUS citizens of Native American descent have been living on reservations since the 1870s. The land was given as a payment for the cessation of the majority of these indigenous people's land in the US. Today, a great deal of their income is derived by the duty free sale of tobacco products and a booming gambling industry that is managed by the National Indian Gaming Commission, which is a body of high ranking Native American chiefs and financial advisers. Although reservations in California, Arizona, New York, Alaska, Hawaii, Florida and other states are governed by Tribal Law, there are still specific crimes and codes that must be upheld by the authorities that oversee these reservations.
In 1988, President Ronald Reagan introduced the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, which set up a framework in which the National Indian Gaming Commission and the US Department of Interior use to work together to ensure that all casinos and other gaming establishments are operated with US laws. The gambling industry is extremely profitable on reservations, particularly because US citizens can travel there to wager bets that are otherwise illegal in their home states. The major contention is that Indian reservations offer a broader range of video slots and high stakes table games that essentially drain revenue other from casinos that have to operate within US gaming laws. Native American leaders brought attention the traditional history of gambling in their communities, which made it difficult for US regulators to appease both fractions. As a result, casinos and gaming establishments on Indian reservation land were classified into three different categories.
Class I refers to traditional Native American games that are played primarily for enjoyment, but small prizes are occasionally awarded. Gambling in this category is not regulated at all, and any profits that are gained go directly to the benefit of reservations. Bingo halls and electronic bingo parlors are classified as Class II games. US regulators have allowed Indian tribes to operate these bingo halls in whatever way they deem fit so long as gambling is legal in the state that they reside in. As a result, Native American bingo halls operate in every state except for Hawaii and Utah, although Hawaii has recently passed a law that may benefit Indian reservations in the near future. Large scale casinos that offer table games, racing and sports betting are classified as Class III games, and they are nearly as heavily regulated as other casinos in the US.